Getting to Know the Farm

As a permaculture farm, Yamana is comprised of different zones.  Below is a map of the current farm.  For more information on zones in permaculture, click here.

On this page, you'll also find a list of useful farm vocabulary as well as a short list of edible or medicinal plants on the farm.

Farm Vocabulary

While working on the farm, volunteers will likely encounter the following terms.  For volunteers who do not speak Chinese, familiarizing yourself with these words may be helpful during your stay at the farm. 

Chinese Simple

Chinese Traditional

Chinese Pinyin

English

草药

草藥

Cao3 yao4

herb

朴门文化

朴門文化

Pu3men2 wen2hua4

permaculture

植物

植物

Zhi2wu4

plant

种植

種植

Zhong4zhi2

grow

挖 坑

Wa1 keng1

To dig a hole

Zhu1

pig

面包

窯烤 面包

Yao2kao3 mian2bao1

Oven-baked bread

yan1

Preserved, pickled

醬油

jiang4you2

Soy sauce

厨余

廚余

chu2yu2

compost

幼苗

幼苗

you4miao2

young sprout, bud, sapling, seedling

酵母

酵母

J(x)iao4 mu3

yeast

jiao3

To mix, to stir

澆水

jiao1 shui3

To water (plants)

圆锹

圓鍬

yuan2 qiao1

shovel

pao4

To steep, soak

竹子

竹子

zhu2 zi

bamboo

蚊子

蚊子

wen2zi

mosquito

温泉

溫泉

wen1 quan2

Hot springs

覆盖

覆蓋

fu4 gai4

To mulch, mulch

自愿者

自願者

zi4yuan4 zhe3

volunteer

菜苗

cai4miao3

Baby plant

發酵

fa1 x(j)iao4

Fermentation

虫子

虫子

chong2 zi

insect

zhu3

To boil

Chao3

To stir-fry

鋤草

Chu2 cao3

Chop plants at base

米饭

米飯

Mi3fan4

rice

艾草 

ai4 cao3

Artemisia  princeps 

Used in TCM acupuncture 



大白菜 

da4 bai2 cai4

Cabbage and lettuce 




绿竹 

Lv4 zhu2 

bamboo  




鸡角刺 

ji1 jiao3 ci4

Cirsium japonicum DC 

A bitter herb used in traditional Chinese medicine, boiled in water to make tea 


笔筒树 

Bi2 tong3 shu4

Sphaeropteris lepifera


 川七 

chuan1qi1 

Anredera scandens moq. 

Leaves are edible



 大花咸丰草 

da4 hua1 xian2 feng1 cao3

Bidens pilosa 

Used as a ground cover and for mulching, leaves are edible, grows as a vine

枸杞  

gou2 qi3

goji berry/wolfberry

Bright red berries edible and highly nutritious, often better when sundried before eating  

龍葵

龙葵 

hei1 tian2 cai4/ long2 kui3

Dragon mallow 

Leaves are edible, do not eat the fruit  

火炭  

huo2 tan4mu

Polygonum chinense L. 

Grows as a vine, the leaves are edible 

 

假土金菊 

jia1 tu2 jin1 ju3




 

角菜 

jiao3 cai4

Artemisia lactiflora 

Leaves are edible 



芥菜 

jie4 cai4



金针 

jin1 cun1

The flower is used in acupuncture, can be found in summer and autumn, famous in Taiwan’s Hualien county 



罗汉松

luo2 han4 song1 (leaves pictured)

Skin and leaves edible, also used in TCM




mulberry



芹菜

qin2 cai4

Oenanthe javanica (Bl.) DC. 

Leaves used as seasoning  


山芹菜 

Shan1 qin2 cai4 

Cryptotaenia japonica hassk. 

Leaves are edible  


山茼蒿 

Shan1 tong3 hao1 

Lactuca indica 

Leaves and stem are edible, when harvesting, pinch off the top five inches of the plant, look for plants without flowers or buds, as these will be less bitter  

水丁香 

shui3 din1 xiang1 

Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) - primrose willow





兔耳草  

tu1 er2 cao3

Ixeris chinensis 

Leaves are edible 




西洋 芹菜 

xi1 yang2 qin2 cai4

Panacis Quinquefolii Rx  



香椿 

xiang1 cun1

Leaves are edible 





香兰 

xiang1 lan2

Pandans orerusrid  

Leaves used as seasoning 




yu4 tou3

yam


 ? 

yu2 xing1 cao3

Houttuyniae Hb, cordata Thunb. 

Medical uses for inflammation and virus-caused colds